Trans carbamates have been prepared in a diastereoselective approach by a judicious one-pot combination of organic carbonates, prepared in situ, and suitable amine reagents under appropriate reaction conditions. This unprecedented approach allows for stereodivergence from a single oxirane substrate with easy access to both cis and trans carbamate isomers with high stereoselectivity (>19:1 d.r.). Key to the control of the diastereoselective nature of the conversions that lead to the trans carbamates is the in situ formation of trans-configured oligo/polycarbonates through Al catalysis, which provides the targeted products after aminolysis. The present results demonstrate the valorization of a renewable carbon-based reagent (CO2) into new valuable scaffolds and an unusual stereocontrol exerted through carbonate intermediates. A series of control experiments support the proposed mechanistic rationale towards the trans carbamate products, which is based on the trapping of an in situ formed trans-configured oligo/polycarbonate.