A novel hydroperoxoiron(III) species [FeIII(OOH)(MeCN)(PyNMe3)]2+ (3) has been generated by reaction of its ferrous precursor [FeII(CF3SO3)2(PyNMe3)] (1) with hydrogen peroxide at low temperatures. This species has been characterized by several spectroscopic techniques and cryospray mass spectrometry. Similar to most of the previously described low‐spin hydroperoxoiron(III) compounds, 3 behaves as a sluggish oxidant and it is not kinetically competent for breaking weak C−H bonds. However, triflic acid addition to 3 causes its transformation into a much more reactive compound towards organic substrates that is capable of oxidizing unactivated C−H bonds with high stereospecificity. Stopped‐flow kinetic analyses and theoretical studies provide a rationale for the observed chemistry, a triflic‐acid‐assisted heterolytic cleavage of the O−O bond to form a putative strongly oxidizing oxoiron(V) species. This mechanism is reminiscent to that observed in heme systems, where protonation of the hydroperoxo intermediate leads to the formation of the high‐valent [(Porph.)FeIV(O)] (Compound I).
Acid‐Triggered O−O Bond Heterolysis of a Nonheme FeIII(OOH) Species for the Stereospecific Hydroxylation of Strong C−H Bonds
GO TO OPEN ACCESS Chem. Eur. J. 2018, 24 (20), 5331-5340, DOI: 10.1002/chem.201704851.