Four hole transport materials (HTMs) based on a benzothiadiazole (BT) central core have been synthesized and successfully employed in triple-cation mixed-halide perovskite solar cells (PSCs), reaching 18.05% solar to energy conversion efficiency. The synthesis of these HTMs follows the push-and-pull approach to modulate the HOMO energy level by combining the BT group as an electron acceptor and diphenyl- and triphenyl-amines as electron donors. Here we show that despite adjusting the HOMO energy level to that of the perovskite is a believed requisite to achieve efficient interfacial hole transfer, additional factors must be taken into account to design novel and efficient HTMs, such as a high hole mobility, solubility in organic solvents, and thermal stability.
Benzothiadiazole Aryl-amine Based Materials as Efficient Hole Carriers in Perovskite Solar Cells
ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 2020, 12 (29), 32712–32718, DOI: 10.1021/acsami.0c07586.