Carbon dioxide is probably among the most notorious types of chemical waste known to date and is held co‐responsible for the adverse global climate changes witnessed in the last decade. Ever since the industrial revolution, anthropogenic CO2 emissions have risen and resulted in a current atmospheric concentration that goes beyond 400 parts per million. Contemporary scientists are thus facing an enormous challenge to mitigate the negative effects of global CO2 emissions. Catalysis has manifested itself as a key transformative technology1 to convert CO2 into products with an increased economic value. While initial efforts towards CO2 activation date back to the mid‐1970s,2 the current state of the art displays a plethora of catalytic conversions in which CO2 acts as one of the principal reagents.3 The molecular complexity created with this renewable carbon source has tremendously increased, with contributions in all sectors of modern chemical synthesis including fine and bulk chemistry,4 pharmaceutical development,5 and (biobased) polymer formulations.6 It can therefore be concluded that CO2 chemistry and catalysis has enriched synthetic chemistry and provided impetus for a circular carbon economy/cycle.
CO2 Catalysis: Mature and Multifaceted
Adv Synth Catal. 2019, 361, 221-222, DOI: 10.1002/adsc.201801658.
* Invited editor on Special Issue: CO2 Utilization