A molecular water oxidation catalyst based on the copper complex of general formula [(Lpy)CuII]2-, 22-, (Lpy is 4-pyrenyl-1,2-phenylenebis(oxamidate) ligand) has been rationally designed and prepared to support a more extended π-conjugation through its structure in contrast with its homologue, the [(L)CuII]2- water oxi-dation catalyst, 12- (L is o-phenylenebis(oxamidate)). The catalytic performance of both catalysts has been comparatively studied in homogeneous phase and in heterogeneous phase by π-stacking anchorage to graphene-based electrodes. In the homogeneous sys-tem, the electronic perturbation provided by the pyrene functionality translates into a 150 mV lower overpotential for 22- respect to 12- and an impressive increase in the kcat from 6 s-1 to 128 s-1. Upon anchorage, π-stacking interactions with the graphene sheets provide further π-delocalization that improves the catalytic performance of both catalysts. In this sense, 22- turned out to be the most active catalyst due to the double influence of both the pyrene and the graphene, displaying an overpotential of 538 mV, a kcat of 540 s-1 and producing more than 5300 TONs
Electronic π-delocalization Boosts Catalytic Water Oxidation by Cu(II) Molecular Catalysts Heterogenized on Graphene Sheets
J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2017, 139, 12907-12910, DOI: 10.1021/jacs.7b06828.