A hybrid photoanode based on a molecular water oxidation precatalyst was prepared from TiO2-protected n- or p+-Si coated with multiwalled carbon nanotubes (CNT) and the ruthenium-based water oxidation precatalyst [RuIV(tda)(py-pyr)2(O)], 1(O) (tda2- is [2,2′:6′,2′′-terpyridine]-6,6′′-dicarboxylato and py-pir is 4-(pyren-1-yl)-N-(pyridin-4-ylmethyl)butanamide). The Ru complex was immobilized by π-π stacking onto CNTs that had been deposited by drop casting onto Si electrodes coated with 60 nm of amorphous TiO2 and 20 nm of a layer of sputtered C. At pH = 7 with 3 Sun illumination, the n-Si/TiO2/C/CNT/[1+1(O)] electrodes exhibited current densities of 1 mA cm-2 at 1.07 V vs NHE. The current density was maintained for > 200 min at a constant potential while intermittently collecting voltammograms that indicated that over half of the Ru was still in molecular form after O2 evolution.
Photoelectrochemical behavior of a molecular Ru-based water-oxidation catalyst bound to TiO2-protected Si photoanodes
J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2017, 139, 11345-11348, DOI: 10.1021/jacs.7b06800.