Several considerations for refining the approximate similarity measurements have been introduced in this paper: the use of topological invariants for the calculation of similarity indexes and the development of new similarity correction processes. The quality of the new similarity measurements obtained with the proposed methods has permitted the development of fast, cheap, and simple quantitative structure-activity relationship models for the prediction of biological activities of nonbenzodiazepine γ-aminobutyric acidA/benzodiazepine receptor ligands (58 compounds). Internal and external validations were carried out for the approximate similarity matrices computed using different approaches. Satisfactory results which compare reasonably well with a 3D approach were obtained: Q2 = 0.65 and standard error in cross validation SECV = 0.83 for the training stage; r = 0.79 and error in external prediction = 0.82 for the test step. In addition, the method proposed was compared with other topological approaches based on constitutional similarity and on fingerprints. Satisfactory results were obtained.
Refinement and use of the approximate similarity in QSAR models for benzodiazepine receptor ligands
J. Chem. Inf. Model. 2006, 46, 2022-2029.