The mechanisms limiting the dark current in pentacene (Pc)/C60 solar cell were determined using the temperature dependence of the current-density-voltage characteristics. Our analysis allowed us to calculate the effective barrier height for electrons and holes at the interface. We then determined the built-in potential of the heterojunction and the effective doping concentration of the active layers, using capacitance-voltage characteristics. These physical parameters were used to simulate a band-energy diagram for a Pc/C60 solar cell in equilibrium. Finally, we determined a relation between the effective barrier height and the built-in potential.
Relation between the barrier interface and the built-in potential in pentacene/C60 solar cell
Appl. Phys. Lett. 2010, 97, 013305-1/013305-3.