Supramolecular asymmetric catalysis is reviewed in this article. Mainly, two ways of creating catalytic systems and ligands by supramolecular forces are distinguished: the use of metal complexes and the use of hydrogen bonding. The reversible interactions that are operative in these systems can provide self-assembled bidentate ligands that coordinate to a catalytically active metal or generate additional binding contacts between the substrate and the catalyst, giving rise to faster or more selective catalysis. Complicated catalyst systems can be achieved by relatively simple synthesis and, often, large libraries of new ligands are obtained easily. We also report the use of supramolecular interactions for the construction of nanoscale reaction vessels and their application in promoting selective asymmetric reactions. Finally, we describe particular examples and recent applications of synthetic hybrids between biomacromolecules and organometallic catalysts for asymmetric processes.
BOOK CHAPTER In: "Reference Module in Chemistry, Molecular Science and Chemical Engineering", Elsevier, 2015, 1-32, (ISBN: 978-0-12-409547-2)